We provide general ophthalmology care and treatment for a wide range of adult eye conditions including macular degeneration, glaucoma, and Botox for blepharospasm.

Macular degeneration

Macular degeneration is a common cause of vision loss among people over 50 years. The macula, the area of the eye responsible for central vision, reading and colour vision becomes progressively damaged.

In some people, the vision loss is slow and does not cause disability for many years. In others, the disease progresses faster due to leaking blood vessels causing a sudden, profound loss of vision in one or both eyes. The latter is known as ‘wet’ macular degeneration. Treatment involves eye injections.

For more information click here Macular degeneration


Glaucoma is a leading cause of vision loss or even blindness. It is most common in older people but children can also be affected. Often, pressure inside the eyeball is raised. Symptoms vary with the type of glaucoma.

If glaucoma is detected early, treatment can prevent or reduce vision loss in most patients. For more information click here for Glaucoma facts


Benign essential blepharospasm is a progressive neurological disorder characterised by involuntary muscle contractions and spasms of the eyelid muscles. It is not life-threatening but can cause disabling symptoms.

It begins gradually, with occasional eye blinking and/or eye irritation, difficulty keeping the eyes open, and light sensitivity, which can be confused with dry eye symptoms. As the condition worsens, the spasms intensify, often forcing the eyelids closed. Most patients cannot work or drive.

Treatment of choice is botulinum toxin (Botox) injections, which temporarily relax the muscles and stop spasms. Injections need to be repeated 3 monthly. Our ophthalmologists are registered Botox injectors.

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